As many physicians are aware, major changes are underway in how Medicare will reimburse them. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) is phasing in new reporting requirements focusing on “value” of care: measures of quality, overall cost of care, and patient satisfaction. Increasingly, how doctors address these new requirements will directly affect their reimbursement – potentially leading to financial rewards or penalties. Moreover, commercial payers are starting to follow Medicare’s lead.
Here’s a quick refresher on the basics, including important dates for most physicians who see Medicare patients:
- The Medicare Access & CHIP Authorization Act (MACRA) of 2015 requires doctors to choose a reporting path – either the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) or an Advanced Alternative Payment Model (Advanced APM).
- MIPS is comprised of Quality, Improvement Activities, Advancing Care Information, and Cost. MIPS payment adjustments will start at +/-4% for the 2017 reporting year (2019 payment year) and increase over time. (Cost will not affect payment adjustments until 2018).
- Advanced APMs offer higher financial incentives than the MIPS track, but require more advanced levels of value-based activities. APMs also require physicians to be part of a larger group, such as an accountable care organization (ACO) or medical home, and to bear greater financial risk.